Waikato dating laboratory
Along with hydrogen, nitrogen, oxygen, phosphorus, and sulfur, carbon is a building block of biochemical molecules ranging from fats, proteins, and carbohydrates to active substances such as hormones.All carbon atoms have a nucleus containing six protons.Buckland's immediate successors did a little better.They determined that the Red Lady was in fact a man, and that the ornaments resembled those found at much older sites in continental Europe.For more information on radiocarbon dating, see the Waikato Radiocarbon Dating Laboratory web page at
AMS radiocarbon dating of carefully selected organic pigments, beeswax, excavated charcoal and compounds living above or below rock art (e.g.
Ninety-nine percent of these also contain six neutrons.
The 6 proton 6 neutron atoms are said to have a mass of 12 and are referred to as "carbon-12." The nuclei of the remaining one percent of carbon atoms contain not six but either seven or eight neutrons in addition to the standard six protons.
C dating is a recent advancement that enables us to date samples as small as a grain of rice (and sometimes smaller).
This has the advantage of minimal damage to artwork and other artefacts.